The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is a collection of marine debris in the North Pacific Ocean. Marine debris is litter that ends up in oceans, seas, and other large bodies of water. It sits near the surface of the ocean, though dense debris can sink centimeters or even several meters beneath the surface, making the vortex’s area nearly impossible to measure.
The Great Pacific Garbage Patch (also known as the Pacific trash vortex), spans waters from the West Coast of North America to Japan. The patch is actually comprised of two separate patches. The Western Garbage Patch is located near Japan, while the Eastern Garbage Patch is located between Hawaii and California.
These areas of spinning debris are linked together by the North Pacific Subtropical Convergence Zone, where warm water from the South Pacific meets up with cooler water from the Arctic. The zone acts like a highway that moves debris from one patch to another.
About 54 percent of the debris in the Great Pacific Garbage Patch comes from land-based activities in North America and Asia. —NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC
The National Geographic article goes into full detail about the impact of this shameful human by-product. It will break your heart, but hopefully it will both inform you and get you upset enough to be part of the solution (hint: stop using items made with plastic – starting with water in plastic bottles). We all have ownership in this.